Introduction To Electric Cars



An ‘Electric Car’ is an automobile that is driven by one or more electric motors. The electrical energy is stored in batteries or some other form of energy storage device. The electric motors create strong and smooth acceleration and give the cars instantaneous torque. Electric cars first appeared in the 1880’s and were quite popular during the late 19th and 20th centuries, until technological progress produced a much better and cheaper to run internal combustion engine and their mass production led to the decline in the electric car. There are certain environmental and economic benefits associated with electric cars. They cause less pollution when compared with the gasoline engine, and there is a discernible reduction in greenhouse emissions. Electric cars are not dependent on imported oil and are not vulnerable to oil supply disruption and fluctuation in prices. Widespread use of electric cars is presently not possible because of several manufacturing and maintenance issues. Besides this electric cars would cost to produce and right now there is no structure in place for battery recharging other than the batteries were being charged at home. Electric cars also have range limitation and drivers will face severe anxiety in case they run out of energy before reaching their destination or are in a position to recharge the batteries. Developed countries have started manufacturing and using electric cars and the best selling and most efficient electric car currently on the market is the “Nissan Leaf” which is now selling in 35 countries 
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